Oscar Pistorius: Wikipedia

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Pistorius at the 2011 World Championships in Athletics in Daegu, South Korea

Personal information
Nickname(s)Blade Runner; the fastest man on no legs; "Oz" Pistorius[1]
Born22 November 1986 (age 27)
SandtonJohannesburgTransvaal ProvinceSouth Africa
Alma materUniversity of Pretoria (did not graduate)
Height1.84 m (6 ft  12 in) in prosthetics[2]
Weight80.6 kg (178 lb) (2007)[3]

CountrySouth Africa
Event(s)Sprints (100, 200, 400 m)
Achievements and titles
World finals2005 Paralympic World Cup: 100 m (T44) – Gold; 200 m (T44) – Gold
National finals2007 South African Senior Athletics Championships: 400 m (T44) – Gold
Paralympic finals
2004 Summer Paralympics: 100 m (T44) – Bronze; 200 m (T44) – Gold
2008 Summer Paralympics: 100 m (T44) – Gold, 200 m (T44) – Gold; 400 m (T44) – Gold
2012 Summer Paralympics: 200 m (T44) – Silver; 4 × 100 m relay – Gold; Men's 400 m (T44) – Gold
Highest world ranking
100 m: 1st (2008)[4]
200 m: 1st (2008)[5]
400 m: 1st (2008)[6]
Personal best(s)
100 m (T44): 10.91 s (2007, WR)[7]
200 m (T44): 21.30 s (2012, WR)[8]
400 m: 45.07 s[9]
Updated on 6 September 2012.

Oscar Leonard Carl Pistorius (/pɪsˈtɔriəs/; born 22 November 1986) is a South African sprint runner. Although both of Pistorius' legs were amputated below the knee when he was 11 months old, he competes in events for single below-knee amputees and for able-bodied athletes.
After becoming a Paralympics champion, Pistorius attempted to enter able-bodied international competition, over persistent objections of the IAAF and charges that his artificial limbs gave an unfair advantage. Pistorius eventually prevailed in this legal dispute. At the 2011 World Championships in Athletics, Pistorius became the first amputee to win an able-bodied world track medal. At the 2012 Summer Olympics, Pistorius became the first double leg amputee to participate in the Olympics when he entered the men's 400 metres and 4 × 400 metres relay races. At the 2012 Summer Paralympics, Pistorius won gold medals in the men's 400 metre race and in the 4 × 100 metres relay, setting world records in both events. He also took a silver in the 200 metres race, having set a world record in the semifinal.
On 14 February 2013, Pistorius was charged with the murder of his girlfriend, Reeva Steenkamp, whom he had fatally shot at his home in the early hours of that morning. He was granted bail on 22 February 2013 and at a hearing on 19 August 2013, dates were set for a trial from 3 to 20 March 2014.

Early Years and Education

Oscar Pistorius was born to Henke and Sheila Pistorius on 22 November 1986 in Sandton, Johannesburg, in what was then Transvaal Province (now Gauteng Province) of South Africa.[1] He grew up in a Christian home,[10] and has an elder brother, Carl, and a younger sister, Aimée.[11][12] Pistorius credits his mother, who died at the age of 43 when Pistorius was 15 years old, as a major influence in his life.[13][14] He is a white South African with Italian ancestry from his mother's grandfather, an Italian emigrant toKenya.[15][16]
Pistorius was born with fibular hemimelia (congenital absence of the fibula) in both legs. When he was 11 months old, his legs were amputated halfway between his knees and ankles.[3] He attended Constantia Kloof Primary School[17] and Pretoria Boys High School,[1][18] where he played rugby union in the school's third XV team.[19] He played water polo and tennis at provincial level between the ages of 11 and 13.[19] In addition, Pistorius took part in club Olympic wrestling,[19][20][21] and trained at Jannie Brooks's garage gym in Pretoria, South Africa.[22] After a serious rugby knee injury in June 2003, he was introduced to running in January 2004 while undergoing rehabilitation at the University of Pretoria's High Performance Centre[23] with coach Ampie Louw, and "never looked back".[19] His first racing blades were fitted by South African prosthetist Francois van der Watt. Because he was unable to find suitable running blades in Pretoria, van der Watt ordered some to be made by a local engineer. However, as these quickly broke, van der Watt referred Pistorius to American prosthetist and Paralympic sprinter Brian Frasure to be fitted for blades by Icelandic company Össur.[24][25]
Pistorius began studying for a Bachelor of Commerce (B.Com.)[11] in business management with sports science at the University of Pretoria in 2006.[19][20][26] In a June 2008 interview for his University's website, he joked: "I won't graduate soon. With all the training I have had to cut down on my subjects. Hopefully I'll finish by the time I'm 30!"[11] Asked by a journalist for his "sporting motto", he said: "You're not disabled by the disabilities you have, you are able by the abilities you have."[19]

Sporting Career

Pistorius, who has double below-knee amputations, competes in T44 (single below knee amputees) events though he is actually classified in T43 (double below knee amputee).[27] Sometimes referred to as the "Blade Runner" and "the fastest man on no legs",[21][28][29] Pistorius took part in the 2004 Summer Paralympics in Athens and came third overall in the T44 (one leg amputated below the knee)[21] 100-metre event.[30] Despite falling in the preliminary round for the 200 metres, he qualified for the final.[31]He went on to win the final in a world record time of 21.97 seconds, besting a pair of American runners both possessing a single amputation, Marlon Shirley and Brian Frasure.[30]
In 2005, Pistorius finished sixth in the able-bodied South African Championships over 400 metres with a world-record time of 47.34 seconds,[21] and at the Paralympic World Cup in the same year he won gold in the 100 metres and 200 metres, beating his previous 200-metre world record.[32][33] At the 2006 Paralympic Athletics World Championships, Pistorius won gold in the 100, 200 and 400-metre events, breaking the world record over 200 metres.[34] On 17 March 2007, he set a disability sports world record for the 400 metres (46.56 seconds) at the South African Senior Athletics Championships in Durban,[35] and at the Nedbank Championships for the Physically Disabled held in Johannesburg in April 2007, he became the world record holder of the 100 and 200-metre events with times of 10.91 and 21.58 seconds respectively.[7][36]
Pistorius was invited by the IAAF to take part in what would have been his first international able-bodied event, the 400-metre race at the IAAF Grand Prix in Helsinki, Finland, in July 2005. He was unable to attend, however, because of school commitments.[37]On 13 July 2007, Pistorius ran in the 400-metre race at Rome's Golden Gala and finished second in run B with a time of 46.90 seconds, behind Stefano Braciola who ran 46.72 seconds.[38] This was a warm-up for his appearance at the 400 metres at theNorwich Union British Grand Prix at the Don Valley Stadium in Sheffield on 15 July 2007.[39] As American Olympic champion Jeremy Wariner stumbled at the start of the race and stopped running, Pistorius took seventh place in a field of eight in wet conditions with a time of 47.65 seconds. However, he was later disqualified for running outside his lane. The race was won by American Angelo Taylor with a time of 45.25 seconds.[40][41] Pistorius had ambitions of competing in other able-bodied events. In particular, he had set his sights on competing at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, China,[42] but was ultimately not selected by the South African Olympic Committee (see below).

Dispute over prosthetics